Oct. 28, 1940. In an effort to outdo ally Adolf Hitler, Italian fascist Benito Mussolini demanded Greece’s Ioannis Metaxas surrender ports and other strategic areas or face war. Metaxas responded with a single word, “Oxi!” No! The defiant Greeks beat the Italians, delivering the Axis powers their first defeat. This forced Hitler to delay his invasion of the USSR into the Russian winter, a move that ultimately sealed Nazi Germany’s fate.
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